What is evaluated your ability to reason in a quantitative context as this question from the Official Guide (OG) illustrates.
If s and t are positive integers such that s/t=64.12, which of the following could be a remainder when s is divided by t?
Many test-takers are flummoxed by this problem because they do not know what to do with it! They quickly realize that there is no formula they can apply and that they only have their wits to rely on.
So how does one approach it?
Since the question says which of the following COULD BE the remainder, it is evident that there can be more than one remainder and one of the options is one of them. Otherwise the question would have asked which of the following IS the remainder.
So the only way to solve this problem is by using answer options but not before understanding the problem.
s= 64.12t = 64t + .12t
In the above equation 64 is the quotient and .12t is the remainder (for example, 11/4 = 2*4 + 3 = 2*4 + .75*4)
Hence, the remainder which could be one of the 5 answer options has to be of the form .12t.
So if we take the remainder to be x, then 12t/100 = x or 3t/25 = x
Where do we go from here? It always makes sense to go back to the question stem and check if there is any information you have not used so far.
The question stem tells you that s and t are integers.
Therefore, since t = 25x/3, the remainder has to be a multiple of 3 since only then will t be an integer, only option (E) is a multiple of 3.
The above problem shows how the GMAT tests probably the most elementary quantitative concept is used to test reasoning ability in a quantitative context.
We will be discussing a few more problems like this in our forthcoming posts. In the meantime test-takers would be better-off wearing their reasoning hats than their quant hats!